Selecting your tiles
Choosing Ceramic and Porcelain tiles
Ceramic tiles have been used since ancient times; they are hardwearing, easy to clean, water resistant, hygienic and very attractive. They are available in a wide range of colours and sizes and can be used on the floor or on walls.
There are several different types of tile available and they vary in their technical properties. Ceramic tiles sold in the United Kingdom should conform to the British Standard for ceramic tiles BS EN 14411.
It is important that you select the correct tile for your situation. Please ask one of the Ceramiks team for friendly, professional advice with choosing the correct tile for your project.
Glazed tiles are the obvious choice for walls in bathrooms, kitchens and laundry areas. Glazed tiles are attractive on conservatory floors and in reception rooms but may not be suitable for potentially wet or outdoor use or heavy traffic floor areas.
Generally used in domestic and industrial installations and are available with a slip resistant surface profile for floor tiling in wet areas. They are usually wear, stain and frost resistant; making them ideal for laundry and utility rooms, bathrooms, playrooms and garages.
Porcelain tiles are extremely attractive and very hardwearing tiles that have extremely low water absorbency. Available as wall or floor tiles, sometimes glazed often with good anti-slip properties, they can be used internally and, providing they are slip resistant, externally. These tiles are suitable for domestic and commercial use.
Made from natural clay, some are frost resistant and they may be used for floors internally and externally. Their natural clay surface usually provides good slip resistance and they are extremely hard wearing.
These are made from natural clay and vary in water absorbency but generally they are used for flooring and are unsuitable for exterior use, as they are not frost resistant. Most terracotta tiles need surface sealing before and after installation.
Small pieces of ceramic, natural stone or glass usually sold in sheets on a mesh backing or paper facing for ease of fixing.
Natural Stone Tiles
Natural stone tiles include limestone, marble, granite, slate, travertine quartzite and sandstone. Whilst some natural stone tiles are extremely hard wearing the performance of these materials does vary and you should seek guidance from your Ceramiks on their suitability for your project.
Some natural tiles may require the use of adhesives and grouts specifically designed for the Installation of natural stone tiles.
Natural tiles should be sealed before grouting. Direct Tile Warehouse can advise on suitable sealants and maintenance products.
Direct Tile Warehouse is a member of The Tile Association and would like to thank The Tile Association for preparing this guide and allowing Direct Tile Warehouse to use it.